Canon or Nikon? We put an end to the question
Who makes the best SLR cameras – Canon or Nikon? If there was a definite answer to this question, one of the companies would have long flown out of the market. Indeed, Canon and Nikon produce the best cameras, flashes and lenses, and they have been doing this for decades. Whatever brand you choose, you will get a wide, well-supported system for any level of development, from beginner to professional. Onliner.by tried to understand the issue by evaluating the capabilities of modern SLR cameras of both systems.
Answering the question posed in the title, we are not comparing the camera with the camera, but the system with the system. Unlike other competitors focused on consumer electronics, both Nikon and Canon have billions of projects in the production of semiconductors and space programs.
There is an important difference between the companies: Canon owns a wide portfolio of office equipment and gigantic production facilities, while Nikon’s entire business is focused on the production of cameras, lenses and microscopes. Thus, one company has strategic capabilities, and the second has tactical focus.
The history of competitors differs in another key aspect. Nikon started as a manufacturer of expensive and high-quality cameras for military needs and only with the release of low-cost DSLRs won the interest of consumers. Canon, on the other hand, started as a manufacturer of cheap analogs of Leica rangefinder cameras and only in 1970 fell into the professional segment.
Canon and Nikon have the widest range of commercially available optics. All modern Canon EF and EF-S lenses have a built-in focusing drive and are 100% supported by EOS SLR cameras. Nikon produces optics without a servo drive, you need to pick up a camera with a built-in motor called a “screwdriver”. As for the use of manual Soviet optics and lenses of other systems, adapters for Canon EOS are easier to manufacture and cheaper. Adapters for Nikon require a correction lens in the design – without it, you can’t focus on “infinity”.
In general, over the entire range of popular lenses, Nikon will have to pay 15% more for similar models of optics. Inexpensive Nikon lenses for APS-C SLR cameras are assembled much better than their Canon counterparts – they do not creak or play. Expensive wide-angle and standard Nikon zoom lenses are sharper than Canon counterparts. The quality of telephoto lenses at both companies is excellent.
Canon’s range of lenses includes high-speed portrait models such as the EF 50mm F / 1.2 and EF 85mm F / 1.2. Nikon does not have such fast aperture optics, however, its motivation in this case is decent: the company does not want to produce optics that will not be ringingly sharp on an open aperture.
Until 2012, Nikon was ahead: the developed 51-point autofocus system proved to be excellent in the dark and difficult conditions, it easily recognized the right faces and gave 9 out of 10 sharp frames when shooting dynamics. For this reason, the well-known Russian bloggers and photographers Sergey Dolya and Ilya Varlamov decided to change the system from Canon to Nikon.
In the rivalry of the flagships, the Canon EOS-1D X, however, managed to outperform the competitor. The model received 61-point autofocus and ammunition of new algorithms that can adapt to the behavior of the object in the frame. It was EOS-1D X that forced longtime Nikon fan and Photoshop gur Scott Kelby to change religion.
But overall, the Nikon autofocus segment is ahead: even the relatively inexpensive D5300 camera has 39-point autofocus. Canon’s autofocus often requires some tuning even in the EOS 5D Mark III.
Canon typically installs 1,040,000 pixels of resolution on its SLR cameras. Cameras of the initial and middle price range can have a rotary design and touch control. Also, the screens of all modern Canon DSLRs are made of tempered glass, have anti-reflective and oleophobic coating. The exception here is only the EOS 6D, which received a “poor” plastic display protection. A 3: 2 aspect ratio allows Canon cameras to fully fit the frame into the screen, and when recording video, have additional fields for settings.
Nikon prefers 4: 3 aspect ratio displays. Inexpensive company cameras get plastic screen protection.
You cannot choose the best model in this segment: all three tools provide a level of capabilities that is limited only by the skill of the photographer.
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The controversy over the best mirror system was perhaps best interrupted by a well-known viral video with random people in the frame. Irony did not last long: the question of the best photobrand marks into the category of philosophical problems. The easiest way to answer it for yourself is to simply hold the exciting cameras in your hands.