How to choose a 4K camcorder?
While there are many important components in the process of creating 4K video content – such as a 4K encoder and latest-generation streaming / recording tools – the first step will still be to choose a 4K camcorder (or camcorder!) To suit your requirements.
In this article we will look at the various types of 4K cameras currently on the market and try to figure out which camera will be your best choice in the video production process.
There are currently 6 of the most popular types of 4K camcorders:
Digital DSLR Cameras
Other cameras: smartphones, action cameras and video drones.
Before you make a decision. Which camera to buy, you need to determine which type of camera is best suited to your needs.
1. Professional TV camcorders
First of all, there are professional video cameras (also known as cinematic and television cameras). These cameras are usually the most expensive in the line of cameras. Their cost can vary from $ 10,000 to $ 100,000 per device.
Professional video cameras are most often used in most cinematographic projects, such as shooting feature films or documentaries, and their high cost is explained by the wide range of video production opportunities that they possess. For example, some cameras can record video at a speed of up to 240 frames per second and create frames with a lot of movements and, accordingly, many settings for recording. Such cameras have advanced matrices that adapt to any lighting option, and also allow you to adjust to many lenses and a huge number of functional advantages.
Conclusion: Professional camcorders are the best choice for professionals in the audio / video industry who require extreme accuracy and maximum variability in settings.
2. Digital DSLR cameras
In second place are digital SLR cameras or DSLR cameras. The relatively small devices that were originally designed for photography now also offer the user the video capture feature.
Unlike professional camcorders, DSLR cameras are more affordable at an average cost of $ 2,000 per device (without a lens). DSLR cameras, as a rule, support interchangeable lenses (their cost varies depending on the class and parameters of the optics) and provide maximum accuracy when taking photos or videos. The latest generation DSLR cameras are equipped with a full-frame sensor (equivalent to 35 mm film), providing impeccable detail and depth of field.
Conclusion: It is important to understand that not all DSLR cameras output support 4K resolution, so you need to pay attention to this when choosing, since this parameter matters when outputting the video signal to the encoding device. The ability to mount on a tripod and support for many key setup options makes these cameras the right choice for medium-sized video production.
3. Digital mirrorless cameras
Mirrorless cameras are very similar in functionality to DSLR cameras, but much smaller and lighter due to the lack of mirrors and an optical viewfinder, like their DSLR counterparts.
Only recently, some mirrorless cameras began to offer a “full frame”, but most still have a small matrix, most often the APS-C format (which is equivalent to 25.1 × 16.7 mm or a 3: 2 frame) or even less. Smaller matrices typically transmit less light, which results in lower image quality compared to full-frame matrices.
Like DSLR cameras, mirrorless cameras can also support interchangeable lenses and will be a great option for those who need to take pictures and shoot 4K video. Most modern mirrorless 4K cameras allow you to output the signal through micro-HDMI.
Conclusion: Compared to DSLR cameras, mirrorless cameras can be a good choice for those who need mid-level settings and the ability to shoot both photos and video. We at our Epiphan office use mirrorless cameras ourselves – we really like their versatility, compact size and quality work with 4K video. Mirrorless cameras usually cost a little less than DSLRs.
4. Professional camcorders
Professional camcorders are very similar to those video recorders that we are all used to using – their main task is to shoot and record video.
Like television cameras, professional camcorders can vary significantly in price (from $ 700 to several thousand dollars), which depends on the camera model and functionality.